AskDefine | Define pelvic

Dictionary Definition

pelvic adj : of or relating to the pelvis; "pelvic exam"; "pelvic inflammation"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Adjective

  1. Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the pelvis; as, pelvic cellulitis.

Translations

of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the pelvis; as, pelvic cellulitis

Extensive Definition

The (pelvis pl. pelvises or pelves) is the bony structure located at the base of the spine (properly known as the caudal end). It is part of the appendicular skeleton. Each os coxae (hipbone) consists of three bones: the ilium, ischium, and the pubis. The ilium is the largest and upper most part, the ischium is the posterior-inferior (back-lower) part, and the pubis is the anterior (front) part of the hipbone. The two hipbones are joined anteriorly at the symphysis pubis and posteriorly to the sacrum. The pelvis incorporates the socket portion of the hip joint for each leg (in bipeds) or hind leg (in quadrupeds). It forms the lower limb (or hind-limb) girdle of the skeleton.

Sex differences

  • Infrapubic angle is greater than 90˚ in females and less than 90˚ in males
  • Pelvic inlet in males is more heart-shaped, while in females it is more round or oval
  • Greater sciatic notch narrower in males
  • Acetabulum in males faces more laterally, while it faces more anteriorly in females
  • Sacrum more triangular in females
There are four main types of pelvis
  • Gynaecoid
    • Normal female pelvis
    • Round with enlarged transverse diameter
  • Android
    • Normal male pelvis
    • Heart shaped
  • Anthropoid
    • Long anterior to posterior diameter
  • Platypelloid
    • Long transverse diameter

References

Additional images

Image:Hueftgelenk-gesund.jpg|Radiograph of a healthy human hip joint

See also

External links

pelvic in Catalan: Pelvis
pelvic in Danish: Bækken (anatomi)
pelvic in German: Becken (Anatomie)
pelvic in Spanish: Pelvis
pelvic in Basque: Pelbis
pelvic in French: Bassin osseux
pelvic in Croatian: Zdjelica
pelvic in Icelandic: Mjaðmagrind
pelvic in Italian: Bacino (anatomia)
pelvic in Hebrew: אגן
pelvic in Latin: Pelvis
pelvic in Lithuanian: Dubuo
pelvic in Dutch: Bekken (anatomie)
pelvic in Japanese: 骨盤
pelvic in Polish: Kość miedniczna
pelvic in Portuguese: Pelve
pelvic in Russian: Таз
pelvic in Simple English: Pelvis
pelvic in Slovak: Panva (anatómia)
pelvic in Finnish: Lantio
pelvic in Swedish: Bäcken
pelvic in Thai: เชิงกราน
pelvic in Tagalog: Balakang
pelvic in Turkish: Pelvis
pelvic in Ukrainian: Таз
hoi/hpoiupu'p[ol';
pelvic in Chinese: 骨盤
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